Catalan Sign Language

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A language of Spain

Alternate Names
Catalonian Sign Language, LSC, Lengua de Señas Catalana, Lengua de Signos Catalana, Llengua de Signes Catalana
Population

L1 users: 9,000 (2014). Deaf sign language users, total for all three sign languages in Spain: 60,000–80,000 (2000 Instituto Nacional de Estadística), 100,000 (2014 EUD). Based on these numbers and proportions of total population in various regions in Spain, estimated 9,000–15,000 for LSC.

Location

Scattered in Catalonia.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Provincially recognized language in Catalonia Autonomous Community (2006, Basic Law No. 6 of 19 July). Provincially recognized language in Balearic Islands Autonomous Community (1985, Autonomy Act, No. 2, 1985, Article 3(2)).

Dialects

None known. Similar to Spanish Sign Language [ssp] and Valencian Sign Language [vsv]. About 70%–80% intelligibility by users of Spanish Sign Language (2014 S. Parkhurst).

Typology

Fingerspelling: One-handed, similar to French Sign Language [fsl].

Language Use

Deaf schools, plus many deaf children integrated in hearing schools, with widespread oralist emphasis. Many young adults arrive at Deaf associations not knowing how to sign. Deaf who have travelled tend to understand the other sign languages in Spain but use their own. (2017 S. Parkhurst). Some young people, more widespread among deaf adults.

Language Development
TV. Theater. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2008–2014. Agency: Catalunya Federation of Deaf People (FESOCA).
Other Comments

Many sign language classes for hearing people. Materials for learning as L2. Few parents actually learn to sign. (2014 S. Parkhurst). Christian.

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