Miwok, Central Sierra


A language of United States


12 (1994 L. Hinton). Eastern Central Sierra: 6, Western Central Sierra: 6. 50 Sierra Miwok (from 2000 census) may include Northern Sierra [nsq] and Southern Sierra [skd]. Ethnic population: 5,000 (2000 A. Yamamoto). Includes all Miwok.


California: upper valleys of the Stanislause and Tuolumne rivers.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Language of registered tribe: Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California, California Valley Miwok Tribe, Chicken Ranch Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California, Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians-Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians of the Tuolumne Rancheria of California, Wilton Rancheria.


Eastern Central Sierra Miwok, Western Central Sierra Miwok. Distinct from other Miwok varieties.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng].

Language Development

Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.

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