Chinantec, Sochiapam


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Chinanteco del Oeste, Sochiapan Chinantec
Jaú jm_, Jmiih kia’ dzä jii’

3,590 (2000 INALI). 730 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,300.


Oaxaca state: Cuicatlán, Retumbadero, San Juan Zapotitlán, San Juan Zautla, San Pedro Sochiapan and Santiago Quetzalapa.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. 66% intelligibility of Tlacoatzintepec [ctl] (most similar), 56% of Chiltepec [csa], 45% of Usila [cuc], 11% of Tepetotutla [cnt].


VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. A few also use English [eng].

Language Development

20% can read, 10% can write–all in San Pedro Sochiapam. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1986.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Self-name is tsá2 há2lí13–people (where) wild flowers (grow). Transients go to Mexico City to work as maids, gardeners, or laborers, but the majority return and settle down in the villages. Christian, traditional religion.

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