L1 users: 3,590 (2000 INALI). 730 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,300.
Oaxaca state: Cuicatlán, Retumbadero, San Juan Zapotitlán, San Juan Zautla, San Pedro Sochiapan and Santiago Quetzalapa.
VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.
Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. A few also use English [eng].
Latin script [Latn].
Self-name is tsá2 há2lí13–people (where) wild flowers (grow). Transients go to Mexico City to work as maids, gardeners, or laborers, but the majority return and settle down in the villages. Christian, traditional religion.