Cree, Swampy


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
West Main Cree, West Shore Cree, York Cree

2,500 (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 2,800 (Golla 2007).


Scattered communities, Ontario, Hudson Bay coast, James Bay northwest coast; inland into Manitoba, then Saskatchewan.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Eastern Swampy Cree, Western Swampy Cree. Both nonpalatalized n-dialect and l-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup. A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre].

Language Use

Vigorous. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1976.

Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], uses western finals.

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