L1 users: 11,800 (2000 INALI). 1,500 monolinguals.
Oaxaca state: Choapan district, San Juan Petlapa municipality, San Juan Toavela, Santa Isabel Cajonos and Santa María Lovani; Santiago Jocotepec municipality, Linda Vista, San Pedro Tepinapa Comunal (locally known as Monte de Oro), and San Pedro Tepinapa Ejidal.
Vigorous. All ages. Many also use Spanish [spa].
Latin script [Latn].
All villages have less than 6 grades of primary school. Tepinapa Ejidal has 3 years of secondary school.