A language of United States


No known L1 speakers. The last speaker, Roscinda Nolasquez, died in 1987. Ethnic population: 700 (2000 A. Yamamoto).


California: Pala reservation area, north of Valley Center.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians, Pala Band of Luiseño Mission Indians of the Pala Reservation.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development

Grammar. Resources for revitalization are being developed through linguistic research by the Limu Project (2017).

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