562,000 (2011 census), decreasing. 32,700 monolinguals (1971 census). Total users in all countries: 590,890.
Widespread in the Country of Wales.
2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Wales.
Northern Welsh, Southern Welsh, Patagonian Welsh.
VSO; prepositions; noun head initial; gender (masculine/feminine); definite article; verb affixes mark person, number; tense; comparatives; 23 consonants, 12 vowels, 8 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable; initial consonant mutation (3 kinds).
19% of the Welsh population speak it; 33% understand it (1998). 44,600 between 5 and 9 years old, 47,100 between 10 and 14 years old (1991). Positive attitudes. All also use English [eng].
Latin script [Latn].