Dakota

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Sioux
Population

100 in United States (2016 W. Meya), decreasing. Ethnic population: 170,000 (2016 Lakota Language Consortium). Includes all ethnic Sioux. Total users in all countries: 290.

Location

Minnesota: Upper Sioux, Lower Sioux, Prior Lake, Prairie Island, Minneapolis; Montana: Fort Peck reservation; Nebraska: Santee; North Dakota: Devils Lake, northern Standing Rock reservation, Sisseton-Lakota Traverse reservation; South Dakota: Crow Creek, Sisseton-Lakota Traverse and Yankton reservations, Flandreau.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Dialects

Dakota (Dakhota, Santee, Santee-Sisseton), Nakota (Nakoda, Yankton, Yankton-Yanktonais). Lexical similarity: 83%–86% with Stoney [sto], 89%–94% with Assiniboine [asb], 90%–95% with dialects.

Language Use

Most youth prefer English [eng] or do not speak the language. Teaching programs at every level, preschool through university (Golla 2007). Few children (1998).

Language Development
New media. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1879.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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