L1 users: 147,000 (1990 census).
Davao region: Davao Oriental and Davao del Sur provinces.
Synthesis of Filipino [fil], Cebuano [ceb], other Visayan dialects. Some Spanish [spa] words. Not a Spanish creole. Different from Davawenyo dialect of Chavacano [cbk]. 2 dialects: East Coast (90% of speakers), and Davao City area (Whinnom 1956). Lowland Davawenyo have 89% intelligibility of Kamayo [kyk].
Also use Cebuano [ceb], particularly by Lowland Davawenyo, whereas Highland Davawenyo have only low comprehension of it.