German, Standard

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A language of Germany

Alternate Names
Deutsch, Tedesco
Population

69,800,000 in Germany (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 78,245,280. L2 users: 8,000,000 in Germany (ELDIA 2012).

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). De facto national language.

Dialects

Major related varieties are Bavarian [bar], Schwäbian [swg], Alemannisch [gsw], Mainfränkisch [vmf], Hessisch, Palatinian, Rheinfränkisch, Westfälisch [wep], Saxonian, Thuringian, Brandenburgisch, and Low Saxon [nds]. Many varieties are not mutually intelligible. Our present treatment is incomplete. Standard German is one High German variety, developed from the chancery of Saxony, gaining acceptance as the written standard in the 16th and 17th centuries. High German refers to dialects and languages in the upper Rhine region. Lexical similarity: 60% with English [eng], 29% with French [fra].

Language Use

41,220,000 also use English [eng]. 1,095,000 also use French [fra].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1466–2004.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage. Latin script, Fraktur variant [Latf], used until 1940. Runic script [Runr], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Based equally on East Upper German and East Middle German. Christian.

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