Danuwar

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Danuwar Rai, Danwar, Denwar, Dhanvar, Dhanwar
Population

45,800 (2011 census), decreasing. No monolinguals (Toba et al 2005). Ethnic population: 53,200.

Location

Narayani Zone, Makwanpur; Janakpur Zone, Sindhuli; Bagmati Zone, Kabhrepalanchok and Lalitpur Districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Danuwar.

Dialects

Bakultar Danuwar, Panchkhal Danuwar, Judigaon Danuwar, Dukuchhap Danuwar, Sindhuli Danuwar, Kamala Khonch Danuwar. Danuwar Kachariya in Rautahat and elsewhere is probably distinct from Danuwar [dhw]. The dialects spoken in Bakultar, Panchkhal, Judigaon (Kabhrepalanchok) district are mutually intelligible, whereas the dialects spoken in Dukuchhap (Lalitpur district) and Sindhuli are different.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, up to 4 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person, number and gender of subject; ergativity; both tense and aspect; no passives and voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Rapidly assimilating to Nepali [npi] (Van Driem 2007). Home, religion; mixed use: Friends, work. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Neutral attitudes. Also use Eastern Tamang [taj], especially at work and with friends in Kabhre district. Also use Nepali [npi], especially at work and with friends in Kabhre district.

Language Development
Although some people are writing in Danuwari, no data is available on L1 literacy. Radio programs. Dictionary.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, traditional religion.

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