L1 users: 112,000 (2001 census).
Assam state: north Cachar district and Cachar hills; Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts; Nagaland state: Haflong district; Meghalaya and Mizoram states.
Hasao, Hawar, Dembra, Dijuwa, Humri, Semsa, Walgong. Related to Kachari [xac].
SOV; agglutinative; tonal; honorific.
Largely assimilated into Bengali [ben] and Assamese [asm] communities (Van Driem 2007). Some also use Assamese [asm], especially in Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts (Longmailai 2012). Some also use Bengali [ben], especially in Cachar plains (Longmailai 2012). Some also use Naga Pidgin [nag], especially in Nagaland with speakers of other languages (Longmailai 2012). Used as L2 by Sakachep [sch].