L1 users: 1,750 (2006 C. Willis). Ethnic population: 4,000.
Uttarakhand state: Pithoragarh district, Darchula and Munsyari sub-district, Baling, Baun, Bongling, Dar, Datu, Dhakar, Dugtu, Gwo, Marchha, Nanglin, Philam, Saung, Selachal, Sipoo, and Sobla villages; in Dhauli valley, from Tawaghat near Dharchula south to Sipoo north along Dhauli river.
Learn Kumaoni [kfy] and Hindi [hin] simultaneously with their mother tongue. Code switching and code mixing very common. Uncertain whether stable bilingualism will continue or whether Kumaoni or Hindi will replace Darmiya. Home, community. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], Kumaoni [kfy], Nepali [npi]. Also use Hindi [hin], with high rates of bilingualism and as the medium of education at all levels.
Ranglo or Rang often used for Byangs, Chaudangs, Darmiya, and Rongpo. Hindu, traditional religion.