10,500 (CIP-EY 2002). Some monolingual older adults. Ethnic population: 10,500.
South central mountains, Ping Tung area, 11 villages; Taitung area, 2 or 3 villages; west of the Puyuma [pyu].
Budai, Labuan, Maga, Mantauran, Tanan, Tona. Mantauran, Tona, and Maga dialects are divergent.
Some linguists classify it as Paiwanic. Paiwanic influence.