Kadazan, Labuk-Kinabatangan


A language of Malaysia

Alternate Names
Eastern Kadazan, Labuk Kadazan, Sogilitan, Sungai, Sungai Kinabatangan, Tindakon, Tompulung

Ethnic population: 20,600 (2000 SIL). 14,000–16,000 Labuk (1987 SIL); 7,000–8,000 Sungai (1982 SIL).


Sabah: Sandakan, Beluran, and Kinabatangan districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Mangkaak (Mangkahak, Mangkak, Mangkok), Sukang, Labuk, Lamag Sungai (Sungei).


VSO; prepositions; genitives after nouns; question word initial; nontonal.

Language Use

Children learn Sabah Malay [msi] first. Standard Malay [zsm] used in church, school, and official settings. Mixed use: Home, market, village. 95% of the children are not learning the language and using it in the home. Most also use Sabah Malay [msi]. Some also use Standard Malay [zsm].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 85% in Standard Malay [zsm]. Literacy is highly valued. Dictionary. NT: 1996.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Cross-cultural marriage and migration. Christian.

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