A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Diidiitidq, Diitiid’aatx, Nitinaht, Nitinat

7 (FPCC 2014). 6 semi-speakers (FPCC 2014). Ethnic population: 940 (FPCC 2014).


British Columbia, Malachan Reserve, Nitinaht lake. Also previously used in Pacheedaht Territory in the vicinity of Port Renfrew, British Columbia.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Language of recognized indigenous peoples: Ditidaht.


None known. Reportedly similar to Makah [myh] and Nuu-chah-nulth [nuk].

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Ceremonial use.

Language Development

The language is taught in the local K-12 community school, but is not used as the language of instruction. Texts. Agency: First Voices.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

The name Ditidaht is commonly used for the traditional language that is shared by the present-day Ditidaht and Pacheedaht, though only the Ditidaht also use the name as an ethnonym. The Ditidaht and Pacheedaht peoples have distinct ethnic identities from each other, as well as distinct ethnolinguistic identities from their most closely related neighbors, the Nuu-chah-nulth [nuk] of Vancouver Island, and the Makah [myh] of the Olympic Peninsula (Washington, United States).

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