Kadazan Dusun

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A language of Malaysia

Alternate Names
Central Dusun, Central Kadazan, Dusan, Dusum, Dusun, Dusur, Idaan, Kadasan, Kadayan, Kadazandusun, Kedayan
Population

264,000 (2010 census), increasing. Ethnic population: 556,000 (2010 census).

Location

Sabah: West Coast Division, Beaufort, Keningau, Kota Belud, Kota Marudu, Kota Kinabalu, Papar, Penampang, Ranau, Tambunan, and Tenom districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Dusun Sinulihan (Sinulihan), Kadazan-Tagaro (Tagaro), Kiundu, Pahu’, Sokid, Tindal, Menggatal (Kiulu, Telipok), Ranau, Bundu (Taginambur), Beaufort, Luba, Kuriyou, Liwan, Tambunan Dusun (Tambunan, Tinombunan), Tinagas Dusun (Dusun, Kota Marudu Tinagas, “Panansawa” (pej.), Talantang, Tinagas, Ulu Sugut Dusun), Tindal Dusun (Kadamaian Dusun, Tampasok, Tampassuk, Tempasok, Tempasuk, Tempasuk Dusun, Tindal), Coastal Kadazan (Kadazan, Kadazan Tangaa’, Membakut Kadazan, Papar Kadazan, Penampang Kadazan).

Language Use

Mixed use: Home, Friends, Religion, Work, Education. Some children and adults; all elderly. Mixed attitudes. All also use Sabah Malay [msi]. Many also use Standard Malay [zsm]. Some also use Hakka Chinese [hak]. A few also use Rungus [drg]. A few also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], especially speakers of Tambunan and Coastal Kadazan varieties. A few also use Tahol [mvv], especially speakers of Tambunan variety. Also use English [eng]. Also use West Coast Bajau [bdr], especially users of Tindal variety. Used as L2 by Gana [gnq], Ida’an [dbj], Iranun [ilm], Keningau Murut [kxi], Kuijau [dkr], Lanas Lobu [ruu], Lotud [dtr], Rungus [drg], Sugut Dusun [kzs], Tahol [mvv], Tampias Lobu [low], Tatana [txx], Tombonuo [txa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 60%–90%. Literacy rate in L2: 90%–95% in Standard Malay [zsm],10%–60% in English [eng], 60% in West Coast Bajau [bdr], less than 10% in Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. The Bundu and Liwan dialects are used as the basis for the Kadazandusun language taught in schools/higher learning institutions. Coastal Kadazan has applied to the Ministry of Education for the teaching and learning of the language (2014 R. Lasimbang). Taught in primary and secondary schools. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Films. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Bible: 2000. Agency: KadazanDusun Cultural Association (KDCA), Kadazandusun Language Foundation (KLF).
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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