A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Dumī Rāī, Dumi Bo’o, Dumi Bro, Hopupo Bro, Lsi Rai, Ro’do Bo’, Sotmali
दुमी‎ (Dumi)

8,660, all users. L1 users: 7,640 (2011 census), decreasing. L2 users: 1,020 (2011 census). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 12,000.


Sagarmatha zone: north Khotang district, Baksila, Jalapa, Kharmi, Makpa, and Sapteshwor VDCs.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.


Kharbari, Lamdija, Makpa. Reportedly most similar to Khaling [klr] and Koi [kkt]. Makpa dialect is markedly divergent.


SVO; postpositions; noun head final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, unknown number of suffixes; verbal affixation marks person and number; ergativity; nontonal; 25 consonant and 14 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Pressure to shift to Nepali [npi] in education and communication with outsiders is strong. Few parents teach Dumi to their children or encourage their children to use their language. Home, religion. Mixed use: Friends, work. Some young people, all adults. Most also use Nepali [npi], and neighboring local languages.

Language Development
Periodicals. Dictionary. Grammar.

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Efforts have been made by some to preserve the language by creating written materials. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

Page Views Left: