A language of China


14,000 in China (2000 census). 8,500 in Nu River dialect, 5,500 in Dulong River dialect. Total population all countries: 14,000. Population total all countries: 14,225. 13,300 monolinguals. L2 users: Other speakers living among them use Drung as L2.


Dulong River dialect (5,500): Far northwest Yunnan Province, Gongshan Dulong-Nu autonomous county, both sides of Dulong river. Nu River dialect (8,500): From Gongshan Dulong-Nu autonomous county west to Chayu (Zayü) county in Xizang Tibet Autonomous Region; Bingzhongluo of Gongshang county and the Chawalong district of Chayu county in Tibet.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Dulong.


Dulong River (Central Dulongjiang, Derung River, Northern Dulongjiang, Southern Dulongjiang), Nu River (Nujiang Dulong). Dialects reportedly inherently intelligible (Thurgood and LaPolla 2003). Nu River Drung is not the same as Tibeto-Burman Anong [nun], which is also in Myanmar. Different from Rawang [raw] in Myanmar. Other possible dialect names are Melam, Metu, Tamalu, and Tukiumu. Lexical similarity: 74% with Matwang dialect of Rawang [raw].


SOV; 2 tones.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Burmese [mya], Lisu [lis], Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 68%–73% (2000 census, Nu nationality). 68%–73%.

Latin script [Latn], pinyin-based, used between 1984 and 1990s.

Other Comments

Ethnonym: Qiuzu is an old term for the people. Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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