1,500,000 in Côte d’Ivoire (2012 V. Vydrin). L2 users: 7,000,000 in Côte d’Ivoire (2012 V. Vydrin). Total users in all countries: 12,444,000 (as L1: 2,166,000; as L2: 10,278,000).
Savanes and Zanzan districts; widespread in all major cities.
3 (Wider communication). Widespread in all major cities.
Also use French [fra]. Used as L2 by Abidji [abi], Abron [abr], Anyin [any], Attié [ati], Beng [nhb], Cebaara Sénoufo [sef], Dan [dnj], Djimini Sénoufo [dyi], Gban [ggu], Mwan [moa], Nyabwa [nwb], Téén [lor], Tepo Krumen [ted], Toura [neb], Wan [wan], Wè Southern [gxx], Wè Western [wec], Yaouré [yre].
Majority ethnic Jula. Government designated as 1 of 5 languages to be developed for literature. Muslim.