Dzongkha

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A language of Bhutan

Dzongkha

Alternate Names
Bhotia of Bhutan, Bhotia of Dukpa, Bhutanese, Drukha, Drukke, Dukpa, Jonkha, Rdzongkha, Zongkhar
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Population

226,000 in Bhutan (2013 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 237,080.

Location

Haa, Paro, Punakha, and Wangdue Phodrang districts.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2008, Constitution, Article 1(8)).

Dialects

Wang-The (Thimphu-Punakha), Ha, Northern Thimphu, Adap. As different from Central Tibetan [bod] as Nepali [npi] is from Hindi [hin]. Partially intelligible with Sikkimese [sip] (Denjoke). Dialects may be separate languages. Lexical similarity: 77% with Adap dialect, 48% with Tshangla [tsj], 47%–52% with Bumthangkha [kjz].

Language Use

Also use Dzongkha [dzo].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 54%. Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Common school language. Radio programs. Grammar. Bible: 2010.
Writing

Tibetan script [Tibt], official usage.

Other Comments

Buddhist.

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