El Molo


A language of Kenya

Alternate Names
Dehes, Elmolo, Fura-Pawa, Ldes, “Ndorobo” (pej.)

No known L1 speakers. Last fluent speaker, Kaayo, died in 1999 (2012 M. Tosco). Ethnic population: 2,840 (2009 census).


Marsabit county: Lake Turkana southeast shore, west of Mount Kulal.

Language Status

9 (Dormant).


None known. The original language is reportedly similar to Daasanach [dsh].

Language Use

Most also use Samburu [saq]. Also use Turkana [tuv].

Language Development

Some revitalization may be taking place.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Affiliated with the Samburu. “Ndorobo” is a pejorative term for several hunter or forest groups that are not linguistically related (El Molo, Yaaku, Okiek, Omotik). Traditional religion.

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