Maninkakan, Eastern

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A language of Guinea

Alternate Names
Eastern Malinke, Kankan Maninka, Malinké, Mande, Maninga, Maninkakan, Maninkaxan, Southern Maninka
Autonym
Maninka
Population

3,000,000 in Guinea (2012 V. Vydrin). 73,500 Wasulu. Total users in all countries: 3,591,000.

Location

Widespread and in all urban areas.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity.

Dialects

Baliya, Amana (Kourousa), Gbereduu, Maninka-Mori (Mori), Wasulunkakan (Wasolon Maninka, Wassulu, Wassulunka, Wassulunke, Wasuu), Toron. Maninka of Liberia is the same as Maninka of Guinea (Eastern Maninkakan). Bambara [bam] of Mali and parts of Senegal is not vastly different. Eastern Maninkakan of Côte d’Ivoire is reportedly similar to Bambara; Western Maninkakan [mlq] of south central and southeast Senegal is considerably different. Lexical similarity: 92% with Wasulunkakan dialect, 79% with Sankaran Maninka [msc], 72% with Konyanka Maninka [mku]. A member of macrolanguage Mandingo [man].

Language Use

Used as L2 by Guinea Kpelle [gkp], Kakabe [kke], Kono [knu], Konyanka Maninka [mku], Kuranko [knk], Lele [llc], Mano [mev], Manya [mzj], Northern Kissi [kqs], Pular [fuf], Toma [tod].

Language Development
Dictionary. NT: 1932–1966.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn]. N’Ko script [Nkoo], used in Guinea.

Other Comments

Muslim.

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