Maninkakan, Eastern


A language of Guinea

Alternate Names
Eastern Malinke, Kankan Maninka, Malinké, Mande, Maninga, Maninkakan, Maninkaxan, Southern Maninka

3,000,000 in Guinea (2012 V. Vydrin). 73,500 Wasulu. Total users in all countries: 3,591,000.


Widespread and in all urban areas.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity.


Baliya, Amana (Kourousa), Gbereduu, Maninka-Mori (Mori), Wasulunkakan (Wasolon Maninka, Wassulu, Wassulunka, Wassulunke, Wasuu), Toron. Maninka of Liberia is the same as Maninka of Guinea (Eastern Maninkakan). Bambara [bam] of Mali and parts of Senegal is not vastly different. Eastern Maninkakan of Côte d’Ivoire is reportedly similar to Bambara; Western Maninkakan [mlq] of south central and southeast Senegal is considerably different. Lexical similarity: 92% with Wasulunkakan dialect, 79% with Sankaran Maninka [msc], 72% with Konyanka Maninka [mku]. A member of macrolanguage Mandingo [man].

Language Use

Used as L2 by Guinea Kpelle [gkp], Kakabe [kke], Kono [knu], Konyanka Maninka [mku], Kuranko [knk], Lele [llc], Mano [mev], Manya [mzj], Northern Kissi [kqs], Pular [fuf], Toma [tod].

Language Development

Dictionary. NT: 1932–1966.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn]. N’Ko script [Nkoo], used in Guinea.

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