L2 users: 2,000,000 (Wiesenfeld 1999).
Scattered internationally. Most widely in central and eastern Europe; east Asia: China and other countries; areas of South America; southwest Asia.
SVO, OVS; prepositions; genitives, relatives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; question word initial; accusative -n; affixes mark tense; passive with esti + passive participle; causative -ig; comparative word; nontonal.
Latin script [Latn].
Developed 1872–1885 by L. L. Zamenhof of Warsaw, Poland, for intercommunication among L1 speakers of other languages.