Inupiatun, North Alaskan


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Eskimo, Inupiak, Inupiat, North Alaskan Inuktitut, North Alaskan Inupiaq, North Alaskan Inupiat, North Alaskan Iñupiaq

All Inupiatun: 3,000, including [esk] (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 6,420 (2000 census). May include Northwest Alaska Inupiatun [esk]. All Inupiatun: 13,500 including [esk] (Golla 2007).


Alaska: Norton Sound and Point Hope.

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Recognized language (2014, Official Languages of Alaska Law as amended, Alaska Statute 44.12.310). Language of registered tribe: Alatna Village, Atqasuk Village, Inupiat Community of the Arctic Slope, Kaktovik Village, Native Village of Ambler, Native Village of Barrow Inupiat Traditional Government, Native Village of Buckland, Native Village of Deering, Native Village of Kiana, Native Village of Kivalina, Native Village of Kobuk, Native Village of Kotzebue, Native Village of Noatak, Native Village of Nuiqsut, Native Village of Point Hope, Native Village of Point Lay, Native Village of Selawik, Native Village of Shungnak, Noorvik Native Community, Village of Anaktuvuk Pass, Village of Wainwright.


North Slope Inupiaq, Anaktuvik Inupiaq, Kobuk Inupiaq, Kotzebue Inupiaq, Malimiutun Inupiaq, Point Barrow Inupiaq, Uummarmiutun. A member of macrolanguage Inupiaq [ipk].

Language Use

Immersion schools. Older adults only.

Language Development

Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1969–2012.


Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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