Inupiatun, Northwest Alaska


A language of United States

Alternate Names
“Eskimo” (pej.), Inupiatun, Northwest Alaska Inupiat

5,580 (2010 census), decreasing. All Inuit languages: 75,000 out of 91,000 in the ethnic group (1995 M. Krauss). Census lists this as Eskimo. All Inupiatun: 13,500 (includes [esi]) (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: All Inupiatun: 13,500 (includes [esi]) (Golla 2007).


Alaska, Kobuk and Noatak rivers, Seward Peninsula, and Bering Strait.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Coastal Inupiatun, King Island Inupiatun (Bering Strait Inupiatun), Kobuk River Inupiatun, Kotzebue Sound Inupiatun, Northern Malimiut Inupiatun, Seward Peninsula Inupiatun, Southern Malimiut Inupiatun.

Language Use

Most speakers 40 and older. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Dictionary. NT: 1997–2010.
Latin script.