Inupiatun, Northwest Alaska

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Eskimo, Inupiatun, Northwest Alaska Inupiat, Seward Peninsula Inupiaq
Population

5,580 (2010 census), decreasing. All Inuit languages: 75,000 out of 91,000 in the ethnic group (1995 M. Krauss). Census lists this as Eskimo. Ethnic population: All Inupiatun: 13,500 (includes [esi]) (Golla 2007).

Location

Alaska: Bering Strait, Kobuk and Noatak rivers, and Seward Peninsula.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of registered tribe: Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin), King Island Native Community, Native Village of Brevig Mission, Native Village of Council, Native Village of Diomede, Native Village of Koyuk, Native Village of Mary’s Igloo, Native Village of Shaktoolik, Native Village of Shishmaref, Native Village of Teller, Native Village of Unalakleet, Native Village of Wales, Native Village of White Mountain, Nome Eskimo Community, Village of Solomon.

Dialects

Seward Inupiaq, King Island Inupiaq, Bering Strait Inupiaq, Qawiaraq, Diomede Inupiaq, Wales Inupiaq. A member of macrolanguage Inupiaq [ipk].

Language Use

Immersion schools. Most speakers 40 and older. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Dictionary. NT: 1997–2010.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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