Yupik, Saint Lawrence Island

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Bering Strait Yupik, Central Siberian Yupik, Saint Lawrence Island Eskimo, Siberian Yupik, Sivuqaghmiistun, Yoit, Yuit
Autonym
Yupik
Population

1,000 in United States (Dorais 2010). Ethnic population: 1,400 (Dorais 2010). Total users in all countries: 1,200.

Location

Alaska: Gambell, Savoonga on Saint Lawrence Island.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (2014, Official Languages of Alaska Law as amended, Alaska Statute 44.12.310). Language of registered tribe: Native Village of Gambell, Native Village of Savoonga.

Dialects

Chaplino. Chaplino and Naukan have 60%–70% mutual intelligibility.

Language Use

Almost all adults speak the language. Decreasing number of children acquire it as L1. Used by all. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 40%–50%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2015.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl]. Latin script [Latn].

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