Yupik, Saint Lawrence Island


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Bering Strait Yupik, Central Siberian Yupik, Saint Lawrence Island Eskimo, Siberian Yupik, Sivuqaghmiistun, Yoit, Yuit

1,000 in United States (Dorais 2010). Ethnic population: 1,400 (Dorais 2010). Total users in all countries: 1,200.


Alaska: Gambell, Savoonga on Saint Lawrence Island.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (2014, Official Languages of Alaska Law as amended, Alaska Statute 44.12.310). Language of registered tribe: Native Village of Gambell, Native Village of Savoonga.


Chaplino. Chaplino and Naukan have 60%–70% mutual intelligibility.

Language Use

Almost all adults speak the language. Decreasing number of children acquire it as L1. Used by all. Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 40%–50%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2015.


Cyrillic script [Cyrl]. Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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