Yupik, Central

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Central Alaskan Yupik
Population

10,000 (Dorais 2010). Ethnic population: 25,000 (Dorais 2010).

Location

Alaska: Delta area, Nunivak Island, Unalakleet to Bristol Bay coast to Unalakleet on Norton Sound; inland along Kuskokwim, Nushagak, and Yukon rivers; Chevak (Cup’ik dialect).

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2014, Official Languages of Alaska Law as amended, Alaska Statute 44.12.310). Language of registered tribe: Akiachak Native Community, Akiak Native Community, Algaaciq Native Village (St. Mary’s), Asa’carsarmiut Tribe, Chevak Native Village, Chinik Eskimo Community (Golovin), Chuloonawick Native Village, Curyung Tribal Council, Egegik Village, Ekwok Village, Emmonak Village, Holy Cross Village, Igiugig Village, Iqurmuit Traditional Council, Kasigluk Traditional Elders Council, Kokhanok Village, Levelock Village, Manokotak Village, Naknek Native Village, Native Village of Aleknagik, Native Village of Chuathbaluk (Russian Mission; Kuskokwim), Native Village of Eek, Native Village of Ekuk, Native Village of Elim, Native Village of Georgetown, Native Village of Goodnews Bay, Native Village of Hamilton, Native Village of Hooper Bay, Native Village of Kipnuk, Native Village of Kongiganak, Native Village of Kwigillingok, Native Village of Kwinhagak (Quinhagak), Native Village of Marshall (Fortuna Ledge), Native Village of Mekoryuk, Native Village of Napaimute, Native Village of Napakiak, Native Village of Napaskiak, Native Village of Nightmute, Native Village of Nunam Iqua, Native Village of Nunapitchuk, Native Village of Paimiut, Native Village of Pitka’s Point, Native Village of Saint Michael, Native Village of Scammon Bay, Native Village of Tuntutuliak, Native Village of Tununak, New Koliganek Village Council, New Stuyahok Village, Newhalen Village, Newtok Village, Nunakauyarmiut Tribe, Organized Village of Kwethluk, Orutsararmuit Native Village (Bethel), Oscarville Traditional Village, Pilot Station Traditional Village, Platinum Traditional Village, Portage Creek Village (Ohgsenakale), South Naknek Village, Stebbins Community Association, Traditional Village of Togiak, Tuluksak Native Community, Twin Hills Village, Umkumiute Native Village, Village of Alakanuk, Village of Aniak, Village of Atmautluak, Village of Bill Moore’s Slough, Village of Chefornak, Village of Clarks Point, Village of Crooked Creek, Village of Iliamna, Village of Kalskag, Village of Kotlik, Village of Lower Kalskag, Village of Ohogamiut, Village of Red Devil, Village of Sleetmute, Village of Stony River, Yupiit of Andreafski.

Dialects

Western Mampruli, General Central Yupik, Hoopes Bay (Unaliq), Unaliq. 3 quite distinct dialects.

Language Use

Still acquired by children in 17 of 68 villages. All ages. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2015.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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