Ethiopian Sign Language

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A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
EthSL
Population

L1 users: 250,000 (2008 WFD). 1,000,000 (2005 Ethiopian National Association of the Deaf). Unknown number of isolated deaf in rural areas. 250,000 deaf (2008 WFD).

Location

Scattered.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

None known. Hossana School for the Deaf uses more indigenous signs than Addis Ababa, which has more influence from Amharic [amh]. Influence from Amharic [amh] in grammar and lexicon. Possible lexical influence from European sign languages, due to presence of foreign advisors.

Typology

One-handed fingerspelling (Amharic script).

Language Use

Some primary and secondary schools, university (B.A. level).

Language Development
TV. Bible portions: 2011–2014. Agency: Ethiopian National Association of the Deaf (ENAD).
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