Éwé

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A language of Ghana

Alternate Names
Ebwe, Efe, Eibe, Eue, Eve, Gbe, Krepe, Krepi, Popo, Vhe
Population

3,320,000 in Ghana (2013 UNSD), increasing. L2 users: 500,000 in Ghana. Total users in all countries: 4,684,000 (as L1: 4,184,000; as L2: 500,000).

Location

Volta region: easternmost Greater Accra; Eastern region: Askuma town area, west of Lake Volta. Southeast corner.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Recognized language (1951, Laws of the Gold Coast, Vernacular Literature Board Ordinance, as amended by Ordinance No. 44).

Dialects

Anglo (Anlo), Awuna, Hudu, Kotafoa. Westernmost language of the Gbe language subgroup.

Typology

SVO; postpositions; noun head initial; no articles; no passives; tense and aspect; comparatives; 26 consonant and 12 vowel phonemes; tonal (3 phonemic tones: high, mid, low); verb serialization; whistle speech reported.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Akposo [kpo], Avatime [avn], Logba [lgq], Nawdm [nmz], Nkonya [nko], Nyangbo [nyb], Sekpele [lip], Selee [snw], Tafi [tcd], Tuwuli [bov].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 30%–60%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1911–2011.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], used since 1850s, primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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