A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Pahouin, Pamue, Pangwe

589,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2013 S. Smith), increasing. L2 users: 35,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2013 S. Smith). Total users in all countries: 1,106,900 (as L1: 1,071,900; as L2: 35,000).


Widespread. Centro Sur, Kié-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas provinces.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Used as LWC in continental Equatorial Guinea (the area previously known as Rio Muni). Used in church, market, business, media, and music. It became a LWC by virtue of its dominant status as mother tongue of 85% of the country’s population.


Ntumu, Okak. Intelligible with Bulu [bum] and Ewondo [ewo] in the Beti language subgroup. More similar to Bulu [bum] than Ewondo [ewo].

Language Use

All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Some also use French [fra]. Also use Equatorial Guinean Pidgin [fpe], Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Bube [bvb], Equatorial Guinean Pidgin [fpe], Fa d’Ambu [fab], Kombe [nui], Kwasio [nmg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Few read Fang. Literacy rate in L2: 77% in Spanish [spa]. Poetry. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2014.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1995.

Other Comments

Known as warriors of the jungle. Their knowledge of jungle plants, animals, and survival is legendary. Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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