624,000 in Equatorial Guinea, all users. L1 users: 589,000 (2013 S. Smith), increasing. L2 users: 35,000 (2013 S. Smith). Total users in all countries: 1,106,900 (as L1: 1,071,900; as L2: 35,000).
Widespread. Centro Sur, Kié-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas provinces.
3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity. Used as LWC in continental Equatorial Guinea (the area previously known as Rio Muni). Used in church, market, business, media, and music. It became a LWC by virtue of its dominant status as mother tongue of 85% of the country’s population.
Latin script [Latn], used since 1995.
Known as warriors of the jungle. Their knowledge of jungle plants, animals, and survival is legendary. Christian, traditional religion.