Quebec Sign Language

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A language of Canada

Alternate Names
LSQ, Langue Signe Quebecars, Langue des signes, Langue des signes canadiens français, Langue des signes du Québec, Langue des signes québécoise, Québécoise
Population

5,000 (2015). Estimates vary widely: 5,000–6,000 (Parisot et al 2015), 50,000 (2010 E. Parks).

Location

Scattered, especially in eastern provinces that are primarily Francophone: Quebec, eastern Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Language Use

Vigorous. Some use Signed French. Segregated deaf education by sex resulted in some lexical differences between the sexes; female use more influenced by ASL [ase], male by Signed French and LSF [fsl]. Rare for a deaf child to learn both LSQ and ASL. A few adults have working knowledge of both. All ages. Some also use American Sign Language [ase], especially adults and a few children.

Language Development
Grammar. NT: 2016. Agency: Societé Culturelle Québécoise des Sourds (SCQS).
Other Comments

No information on language used before 1831; LSQ arose in schools with influence from ASL [ase] and LSF [fsl]; the name “langue des signes québécois (LSQ)” dates from the 1980s (Parisot et al 2015). In northern Quebec, Deaf people use American Sign Language [ase], with English as L2. Christian.

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