Quebec Sign Language

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A language of Canada

Alternate Names
LSQ, Langue Signe Quebecars, Langue des signes, Langue des signes canadiens français, Langue des signes du Québec, Langue des signes québécoise, Québécoise
Population

L1 users: 5,000 (2015). Estimates vary widely: 5,000–6,000 (Parisot et al 2015), 50,000 (2010 E. Parks).

Location

Scattered, especially in eastern provinces that are primarily Francophone: Quebec, eastern Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Language Use

Vigorous. Some use Signed French. Segregated deaf education by sex resulted in some lexical differences between the sexes; female use more influenced by ASL [ase], male by Signed French and LSF [fsl]. Rare for a deaf child to learn both LSQ and ASL. A few adults have working knowledge of both. All ages. Some also use American Sign Language [ase], especially adults and a few children.

Language Development
Grammar. NT: 2016. Agency: Societé Culturelle Québécoise des Sourds (SCQS).
Other Comments

No information on language used before 1831; LSQ arose in schools with influence from ASL [ase] and LSF [fsl]; the name “langue des signes québécois (LSQ)” dates from the 1980s (Parisot et al 2015). In northern Quebec, Deaf people use American Sign Language [ase], with English as L2. Christian.

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