Finnish, Kven


A language of Norway

Alternate Names
Kven, North Finnish

1,500 (Laakso et al 2013).


Finnmark and Troms counties: Kveeniland, Ruija; Tromso; Cities: Alta, Borselv, Bygoynes, Kvaenangsbotn, Neiden, Nordreisa, Oteren, Skibotn, Storslett, and Vadso.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).


Considered Old Finnish, speakers of Tornedalen [fit] and Kven recognize the differences between the two. Standard Finnish [fin] speakers generally understand, except some vocabulary. Reportedly more similar to Tornedalen Finnish than to standard Finnish. Various dialects: northwest coast varieties differ from east. Kven integrates Norwegian [nor] loans, whereas Tornedalen has integrated Swedish [swe] loans.

Language Use

Older adults only. Also use Finnish [fin], Norwegian [nor].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: Over 90% in Finnish [fin]. Taught in schools 3 hours a week. Newspapers.


Latin script [Latn].

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