Kalispel-Pend d’Oreille


A language of United States

Alternate Names
“Flathead-Kalispel” (pej.), “Kalispel-Flathead” (pej.), Nqlispélišcn, Salish

64 (2005 T. Pete), decreasing. 58 in Salish and Pend d’Oreille; 4 in Kalispel (2000 census). Ethnic population: 6,800 (1997).


Montana: Flathead Reservation; Washington: Kalispel Reservation.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


Pend d’Oreille, Kalispel, Bitterroot Salish, Flathead.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Flathead dialect classes in some reservation schools and at the tribal college. Language camp in the summer. Kalispel Tribe has begun documentation and revitalization program (Golla 2007). General communication among fluent elders with extensive code-switching to English [eng], prayers. Older adults only.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

Spokane [spo] is a coordinate language variety.