Equatorial Guinean Pidgin


A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichinglis, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis

76,000, all users. L1 users: 6,000 (2011 S. Smith), increasing. L2 users: 70,000 (2011 S. Smith). Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,000.


Bioko Norte and Bioko Sur provinces: north central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Balueri de Cristo Rey, Basupu, Fiston, Las Palmas, Musola, and Sampaca.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Used as LWC across Bioko island, including the capital city of Malabo, in all domains except education and government.


Pidgin, Pichi. Offshoot of Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone; intelligible with Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Nigerian Pidgin [pcm], but it has 20% of its lexical inventory as loanwords from Spanish [spa].

Language Use

All domains except government. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Bube [bvb], English [eng], Fang [fan]. Also use Spanish [spa], as language of instruction in schools. Used as L2 by Bube [bvb], Fa d’Ambu [fab], Fang [fan], Kombe [nui], Kwasio [nmg].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: Virtually none. Literacy rate in L2: 75% in Spanish [spa]. Grammar. Texts.


Latin script [Latn], used since 2006.

Other Comments

Pidgin is the acrolect, used mostly by mother tongue speakers, Pichi is the mesolect, used as a language of wider communication; there is also a basilect form, used by expatriate immigrants. Christian.

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