Equatorial Guinean Pidgin


A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichi, Pichinglis, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis

6,000 (2011 S. Smith), increasing. Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,000.


North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, and Balveri de Cristo Rey.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Offshoot of Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone; intelligible with Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Nigerian Pidgin [pcm], but it has 20% of its lexical inventory as loanwords from Spanish [spa].


English-based Atlantic creole with Spanish loan words

Language Use

Used by 70,000 or 18%, especially on Bioko Island. All domains except government. All ages. Very positive attitudes, especially among youth. Language of instruction in school is Spanish [spa]. English [eng] and some Bube [bvb] are also used.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Virtually none. Literacy rate in L2: 75% in Spanish. Poetry. Grammar. Bible portions.
Latin script, used since 2006.
Other Comments