Equatorial Guinean Pidgin


A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichi, Pichinglis, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis

6,000 (2011 S. Smith), increasing. Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,000. L2 users: 70,000 (2011 S. Smith).


Bioko Norte and Bioko Sur provinces: North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, and Balueri de Cristo Rey.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).Used as LWC across Bioko island, including the capital city of Malabo, in all domains except education and government.


Pichi, Pidgin. Offshoot of Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone; intelligible with Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Nigerian Pidgin [pcm], but it has 20% of its lexical inventory as loanwords from Spanish [spa].

Language Use

All domains except government. All ages. Very positive attitudes, especially among youth. Language of instruction in school is Spanish [spa]. Also use Bube [bvb], English [eng], Fang [fan]. Used as L2 by Bube [bvb], Fa d’Ambu [fab], Fang [fan], Kombe [nui], Kwasio [nmg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Virtually none. Literacy rate in L2: 75% in Spanish. Poetry. Grammar. Bible portions.

Latin script [Latn], used since 2006.

Other Comments

Pidgin is the acrolect, used mostly by mother tongue speakers, Pichi is the mesolect, used as a language of wider communication; there is also a basilect form, used by expatriate immigrants. Christian.