Fulfulde, Adamawa


A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Adamawa Fulani, Boulbe, Domona, Dzemay, Eastern Fulani, Foulfoulde, Ful, Fula, Fulata, Fulbe, Fulfulde, Mbororo, Palata, Peul, Peulh

669,000 in Cameroon (1986). Possibly 13,000,000 speakers of all Fulfulde varieties. Total users in all countries: 999,500.


Widespead in Adamawa, Far North, and North regions.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Fulfulde [fub] is the LWC in 3 regions of northern Cameroon.


Maroua, Garoua, Ngaondéré, Nomadic Fulfulde - Mbororoore, Bilkire (Bilkiri), Akuure. Lexical similarity: high with Maroua, Garoua, and Ngaoundere dialects. A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful].


SVO (Maroua dialect sometimes uses VSO); prepositions; noun head initial; gender (human/non-human); no articles; passives (middle, active, passive); comparatives; 26 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; long vowels are stressed.

Language Use

Clans often only permit marriage within the same clan. Adult men will speak Adamawa Fulfulde, while women and children will speak their specific clan’s dialect. Home, neighborhood, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use French [fra]. Used as L2 by Buwal [bhs], Cuvok [cuv], Dama [dmm], Doyayo [dow], Dugwor [dme], Gavar [gou], Gbaya-Mbodomo [gmm], Gidar [gid], Gimme [kmp], Jimi [jim], Karang [kzr], Mambai [mcs], Mbudum [xmd], Mbum [mdd], Mefele [mfj], Mina [hna], Mofu-Gudur [mif], Moloko [mlw], Mono [mru], Muyang [muy], Ndai [gke], Ndoola [ndr], North Fali [fll], Pam [pmn], Pana [pnz], Sharwa [swq], Suga [sgi], Tsuvan [tsh], Vame [mlr], Wandala [mfi], Wawa [www], Wuzlam [udl], Zulgo-Gemzek [gnd].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Low compared with national average. Arabic script literacy is 2–3 times greater than Roman script literacy and growing. Franco-Arabic and Anglo-Arabic schools are increasing rapidly. Poetry. Newspapers. Radio programs. Films. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1983.

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], Maghribi and Naskh styles. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian, traditional religion.

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