Fulfulde, Western Niger


A language of Niger

Alternate Names
Fula, Fulani, Fulbe, Gorgal Fulfulde, Northeastern Burkina Faso Fulfulde, Peul, Peulh

450,000 in Niger (2007). Ethnic population: 1,000,000 (all Fulani). Total users in all countries: 1,650,000.


Dosso region: Burkina Faso border east to Dogondoutchi area; group in Niamey region; Tillabéri region: central and west.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3).


Dallol, Bitinkoore, Tera. A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful].


SVO; prepositions and postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; 1 prefix, 9 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; verb affixes mark number, subject (obligatory); class marking with participle obligatory; middle and passive voice; causatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CVVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Some who move into the city speak Zarma [dje]. All domains. Used by all. Most also use Zarma [dje].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literature. Radio. TV. Dictionary. NT: 2017.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The Fulbe from Senegal to Sudan consider themselves 1 ethnic group speaking 1 language, but acknowledge differences in speech. Muslim.

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