Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger

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A language of Niger

Alternate Names
Fula, Fulani, Fulbe, Peul, Peulh
Population

450,000 (1998).

Location

Central and east, Dogondoutchi area east to Chad border.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3).

Dialects

Wodaabe. Culturally distinct from other Fulfulde varieties. Many loanwords from Hausa. A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful].

Typology

SVO; prepositions and postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; 1 prefix, 9 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; verb affixes mark number, subject (obligatory); class marking with participle obligatory; middle and passive voice; causatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CVVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Also use Hausa [hau].

Language Development
Taught in a few experimental primary schools. Radio programs. TV. Bible portions: 2006.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: ‘Pullo’ (sg.) or ‘Fulbe’ (pl.); Other ethnonyms: ‘Fulani’ (English); ‘Peul’ (French). The Fulbe (15,000,000) from Senegal to Sudan consider themselves 1 ethnic group speaking 1 language, but acknowledge differences in speech. Muslim, traditional religion.