Fulfulde, Nigerian

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A language of Nigeria

Autonym
Fulfulde
Population

14,400,000 (2015), increasing. Total users in all countries: 14,485,000.

Location

Widespread.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Used as LWC in the market in Bauchi, Gombe, and Borno states.

Dialects

Kano-Katsina, Bororo (Aku, Fulfulde Caka Nigeria, Mbororo, Nomadic Fulfulde, Woylaare), Sokoto. Intelligibility 40%–50% of Fulfulde [fub] Cameroon. Lexical similarity: highest with Central-Eastern Niger Fulfulde [fuq], then Adamawa Fulfulde [fub], then Benin-Togo Fulfulde [fue], then Western Niger Fulfulde [fuh], and Maasina Fulfulde [ffm]. A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful].

Language Use

Home, some use in market. All ages, but youth increasingly want to learn English [eng]. Mixed attitudes. Though proud of their oral and written language, they now view speaking and writing English [eng] as more prestigious. Used as L2 by Bali [bcn], Bena [yun], Bille [bil], Bokobaru [bus], Bure [bvh], Dera [kna], Duguri [dbm], Fali [fli], Ga’anda [gqa], Gude [gde], Hõne [juh], Hwana [hwo], Jara [jaf], Jibu [jib], Kaan [ldl], Kam [kdx], Kibaku [ckl], Kpasham [pbn], Kumba [ksm], Lala-Roba [lla], Lamnso’ [lns], Longuda [lnu], Mboi [moi], Mbula-Bwazza [mbu], Mom Jango [ver], Ndoola [ndr], Ngwaba [ngw], Nigeria Mambila [mzk], Nya Huba [hbb], Nyong [muo], Peere [pfe], Ron [cla], Samba Daka [ccg], Shoo-Minda-Nye [bcv], Sukur [syk], Teme [tdo], Tsuvadi [tvd], Vemgo-Mabas [vem], Waja [wja], Yendang [ynq], Zeem [zua].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1% in Roman script; below 20% in Arabic script. Keen interest in younger generation learning to read and write. Literature. Texts. NT: 2007–2010.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used since 2011. Latin script [Latn], used since 2003.

Other Comments

Sokoto is a major Fulbe geopolitical unit. Caka (Fulfulde Caka Nigeria dialect) means ‘central’. Muslim.

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