138,000 in Moldova (2009 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 591,920.
Several enclaves, north, Chisinau and Criuleni, districts; central, mainly Gagauzia District; also, Leova, Cantemir, and Cimisilia districts; south, Cahul, Ceadîr-Lunga, Basarabeasca, Taraclia and Vulcânsti areas and towns.
5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in in Gagauzia (1994, Constitution, Articles 3(1), 3(2)).
Bulgar Gagauzi, Maritime Gagauzi. Reportedly similar to Turkish [tur], but uses Russian Orthodox Christian religious vocabulary in contrast to Islamic vocabulary of Turkish.
89% speak it as L1.