L1 users: 3,630,000. 25,500,000 all Oromo speakers in Ethiopia (2007 census). Total users in all countries: 3,949,600.
Afar, Amhara, and Somali regions; Oromia region: south; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region.
A member of macrolanguage Oromo [orm].
SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives (active, middle, passive); tense and aspect; 25 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; pitch accent.
Also use Swahili [swh].
Latin script [Latn].
In Ethiopia, Oromo is viewed as one people who speak one language. Called Borana in Kenya where Gabra and Sakuye dialects may have significant dialect and language attitude differences from Borana dialect. Muslim, traditional religion.