Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji

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A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Afan Oromo, Booranaa, Borana, Oromiffa, Oromoo, Southern Oromo, “Galla” (pej.), “Galligna” (pej.), “Gallinya” (pej.)
Autonym
Afaan Oromoo
Population

3,630,000 (2007). 24,900,000 all Oromo speakers in Ethiopia (2007 census). Total users in all countries: 3,949,600.

Location

Afar, Amhara, and Somali regions; Oromia region: south; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

A member of macrolanguage Oromo [orm].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives (active, middle, passive); tense and aspect; 25 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; pitch accent.

Language Use

All ages. Also use Swahili [swh]. Used as L2 by Ale [gwd].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 16%. Non-formal literacy classes. Grammar. Bible: 1967.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In Ethiopia, Oromo is viewed as one people who speak one language. Called Borana in Kenya where Gabra and Sakuye dialects may have significant dialect and language attitude differences from Borana dialect. Muslim, traditional religion.

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