Oromo, West CentralPrint
L1 users: 8,920,000 (1994 census). 25,500,000 all Oromo speakers in Ethiopia (2007 census). Ethnic population: 30,000,000.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Oromia Region (1994, Constitution, Article 47(3)). West Central Oromo [gaz] is lingua franca of the area.
Western Oromo, Central Oromo. Subdialects are Mecha (Maccha, Wellaga, Wallaga, Wollega), Raya, Wello (Wollo), and Tulema (Tulama, Shoa, Shewa). Harar and Borana are most divergent. A member of macrolanguage Oromo [orm].
SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives (active, middle, passive); tense and aspect; 25 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; pitch accent.
In Ethiopia, Oromo is viewed as one people who speak one language. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.