Ghale, Southern


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Galle Gurung, Lila, Lila Ke, Ril-Lila

18,000 (2016 SIL).


Gandaki zone: Gorkha district hills south of Macha Khola.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Barpak, Kyaura, Laprak. Some intelligibility between Northern [ghh] and Southern Ghale. Dialect subgroup. Glover (1974:8–12) identifies a Ghale branch under Bodish intermediate between Tibetan and Gurung branches. Lexical similarity: 75%–78% among dialects, 65%–81% with Northern Ghale, 39%–49% with Kuke [ght], 27%–30% with Gurung [gvr], 31% with Western Tamang [tdg], 20% with Nubri [kte] and Tsum [ttz], 18% with Tibetan [bod].


SOV; postpositions; noun head both initial and final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; up to 2 prefixes, 1 suffix; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; no verbal affixation; no passives or voice; tonal; 18 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, religion; mixed use: Friends, work. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Hindi [hin], Nepali [npi].

Language Development

Dictionary. NT: 1992.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Hindu, Christian.

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