A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Bhotte, Kutang, Kutang Ghale

1,300 (2016 SIL).


Gandaki zone: north Gorkha district, Bihi VDC, Bihi, Chak, Dyang, Ghap, Krak, Kwak, and Rana villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Bihi, Chak, Rana. Varieties spoken in Chhak and Kwak villages are reportedly similar to each other and different from all other villages. Lexical similarity: 62%–76% among dialects, 39%–49% with Southern Ghale [ghe], 45%–61% with Northern Ghale [ghh], 18% with Gurung [gvr], 16%–23% with Tamang varieties, 13%–31% with Nubri [kte], 23%–27% with Tsum [ttz], 22%–27% with Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy], 19%–24% with Tibetan [bod].



Language Use

Some Tibetan religious books translated into Kuke by priests. Home, friends; mixed use: Work. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Many also use Nubri [kte]. Also use Central Tibetan [bod]. Also use Nepali [npi], to communicate with Northern and Southern Ghale speakers, but with minimal proficiency in Bihi village.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 5%.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Referred to as thieves’ language, a mixture of nearby languages. Buddhist, Hindu.

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