Nanai

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Gold, Goldi, Heche, Hezhe, Hezhen, Nanaj
Population

1,350 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Ethnic population: 12,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 1,390.

Location

Khabarovskiy Kray: extreme far east, confluence of Amur and Ussuri rivers, scattered in Ussuri valley, Sikhote-Alin, centered in Amur valley below.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Sunggari, Torgon, Kuro-Urmi, Ussuri, Akani, Birar, Kila, Samagir. Quite distinct dialects.

Language Use

Severely endangered. Mainly older adults. Mixed attitudes. Some also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], especially elderly. Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1884–2002.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

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