Gamo

Print

A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Gemu
Population

1,110,000 (2007 census), increasing. 600,000 monolinguals. L2 users: 24,400.

Location

YeDebub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch State, Gamo-Gofa zone.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Dache. Lexical similarity: 79%–91% with Gofa [gof], 82%–87% with Dorze [doz], 73%–80% with Dawro [dwr], 79%–89% with Wolaytta [wal], 49% with Koorete [kqy], 44% with Male [mdy].

Typology

SOV; derived nouns formed by suffixation of verbs; passives; case suffixes; postpositions; tonal.

Language Use

Everyday rural life. Neutral attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Baiso [bsw].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 18%. Church-based literacy program started 2007. Taught in primary schools. NT: 2011.
Writing

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used in Church literature. Latin script [Latn], official usage.