Gondi, Northern

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Gaudi, Ghond, Godi, Gondi, Gondiva, Gondu, Gondwadi, Goondile, Goudi, Goudwal
Population

1,950,000 (1997 BSI). 2,630,000 all Gondi.

Location

Madhya Pradesh state: Balaghat, Betul, Chhindwara, Mandla, and Seoni districts; Maharashtra state: Amravati, Bhandara, Nagpur, Wardha, and Yavatmal districts.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Betul, Chhindwara, Mandla, Seoni, Amravati, Bhandara, Nagpur, Yavatmal. Inherent intelligibility between dialects 94%–97%. Speakers tested in other dialects understood Amravati 94%–97%; Betul 83%–96%, and Seoni 82%–97%. 58%–78% intelligibility of Adilabad Gondi [wsg] and Aheri Gondi [esg]. Different from Muria [hlb], Maria [mrr] of Garhchiroli, Dandami Maria [daq], and Koya [kff]. Lexical similarity: 58%–90% among dialects. A member of macrolanguage Gondi [gon].

Language Use

All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin], especially in Madhya Pradesh, but with low proficiency. Also use Marathi [mar], especially in Maharashtra, but with low proficiency. Used as L2 by Northwestern Kolami [kfb].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Radio. Videos. Grammar. NT: 1996.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Hindu.

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