Gondi, Northern

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Gaudi, Ghond, Godi, Gondi, Gondiva, Gondu, Gondwadi, Goondile, Goudi, Goudwal
Population

1,950,000 (1997 BSI). 2,630,000 all Gondi.

Location

Madhya Pradesh, Betul, Chhindwara, Seoni, Mandla, and Balaghat districts; Maharashtra State, Amravati, Wardha, Nagpur, Bhandara, and Yavatmal districts.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Amravati, Betul, Bhandara, Chhindwara, Mandla, Nagpur, Seoni, Yavatmal. Inherent intelligibility between dialects 94%–97%. Speakers tested in other dialects understood Amravati 94%–97%; Betul 83%–96%, and Seoni 82%–97%. 58%–78% intelligibility of Southern Gondi [ggo]. Different from Muria [hlb], Maria [mrr] of Garhchiroli, Dandami Maria [daq], and Koya [kff]. Lexical similarity: 58%–90% among dialects.

Language Use

All ages. Positive attitudes. Use some Hindi [hin] in Madhya Pradesh and Marathi [mar] in Maharashtra, with low proficiency.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Radio programs. Films. NT: 1996.
Writing
Devanagari script.
Other Comments

Traditional religion, Hindu.