A language of Malaysia

Alternate Names
Gana’, Ganaq, Ganna, Keningau Dusun, Minansut

250 (Pugh-Kitingan 2013), decreasing. Ethnic population: 2,000 (Pugh-Kitingan 2013).


Sabah: Keningau district, Kuangoh and Minansut in Bingkor, along Baiaya river, a tributary of Pegalan river.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

People seldom use Gana. There has been considerable intermarriage between Gana and Kuijau Dusun [dkr], a much larger group. This may explain why many of the Gana consider themselves as Dusun rather than Murut. Mixed use: Home, Friends. Older adults only. Mixed attitudes. All also use Sabah Malay [msi]. Most also use Kuijau [dkr]. Many also use Kadazan Dusun [dtp], Standard Malay [zsm]. Some also use English [eng], Keningau Murut [kxi].

Language Development

Literature. Agency: Gana Cultural Association.


Latin script [Latn], in development.

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim.

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