Garo

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Garrow, Mandi
Autonym
Mande
Population

889,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 1,009,000.

Location

Assam state: Goalpara, Kamrup, and Karbi Anglong districts; Meghalaya state: Garo Hills district; Nagaland state: Kohima district; Tripura state: south Tripura district, Udaipur sub-district; north Tripura district, Kailasahar and Kamalpur sub-districts; west Tripura district, Sadar sub-district; West Bengal state: Jalpaiguri and Koch Bihar districts.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Meghalaya State (1950, Constitution, Articles 347), unscheduled language.

Dialects

A’beng (A’bengya, Am’beng), A’chick (A’chik, A’we, Chisak, Dual, Matchi), Dacca, Ganching, Kamrup. A’chick is the standardized dialect in India. A’beng dialect used in Bangladesh, but is not mutually intelligible. Reportedly most similar to Koch [kdq].

Language Use

Awe dialect, spoken in Assam, has few remaining speakers. Most use standard Garo. Used as L2 by Atong [aot], Hajong [haj], Koch [kdq], Lyngngam [lyg], Rabha [rah], Ruga [ruh].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 55% for Meghalaya (2001 census). General level of education is low compared to Khasi [kha]. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1924–1994.
Writing

Bengali (Bangla) script [Beng]. Braille script [Brai], used since 1998. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Christian.

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